The ABCs of Business Taxes: Understanding the Basics for Small Business Owners

business financial planning

Taxes can seem like a labyrinth, complex, and even scary. For a business owner, understanding its basics is crucial. If you follow the rudiments of tax preparation in Kearny, NJ, you have to wear several hats, from operational management to financial control, to get the right feel for the subject.

You’ll have to internalize the IRS jargon and deadlines of business taxes to manage your funds effectively and avoid potential pitfalls. In this guide, we’ll cover the essentials of taxation for small business owners and turn the maze into a roadmap that becomes easy to navigate.

Know Your Structure

The type of business structure you choose will have an impact on your tax obligations. Sole proprietors and partnerships report their business income on their tax returns. LLCs and corporations file separate returns. Consult with a tax advisor to help you determine the best structure for your business.

Understand Federal Taxes

Federal taxes on small businesses primarily include income tax, self-employment tax, and employment tax.

  • Income – based on the net profit of your business (total income minus deductible expenses).
  • Self-employment – Social Security and Medicare contributions for self-employed individuals.
  • Employment – withholding and payroll taxes for employees (Social Security, Medicare, and federal income).

Know State and Local Taxes

Small businesses must comply with state and local tax obligations. These can include income tax, sales tax, property tax, and unemployment tax. State taxes and regulations vary widely, so it's important to familiarize yourself with the specific requirements of your jurisdiction.

Keep Accurate Records

Careful accounting is a condition for tax administration. The experts of tax consultations in Kearny, NJ, advise clients to keep records of all income and expenses, including receipts, invoices, and bank statements. This ensures accurate tax reporting and provides valuable information about your company's financial health.

Deductible Expenses

An important benefit of owning a small business is the ability to deduct certain expenses from your taxable income. This includes rent, utilities, office, marketing costs, and professional fees. Remember to read the IRS guidance on deductions and keep detailed documents to support your claims.

Quarterly Estimated Taxes

Unlike workers who have taxes withheld from their paychecks, the self-employed are responsible for quarterly assessed taxes. These include income tax, self-employment tax, and other applicable taxes. Evaluate your tax liability and plan accordingly. Failure to pay taxes on time can result in a penalty.

Seek Professional Guidance

The complexities of small business taxes can get overwhelming, especially for first-time entrepreneurs. Enlist the invaluable assistance of a qualified tax advisor or accountant. A professional can help you identify deductions, minimize liabilities, and ensure compliance.

Stay Informed

Tax laws and regulations can change and it’s imperative to stay up-to-date on anything that may affect your business. Subscribe to newsletters, attend workshops, or join industry associations to keep up with updates. Being proactive and knowledgeable will ensure you comply with applicable tax laws.


Your Tax Plan Made Smarter

No matter how intimidating it may seem, those who undertake tax preparation in Kearny, NJ, will tell you that understanding the basics of taxes and staying organized are all you need. Don’t forget to seek help from a professional. We at Nicholas J. Coco, CPA, provide accounting services that include bookkeeping, financial planning, and consultation. We also offer assistance to those having trouble with tax debts. Call 201-955-3100.